industry plays a significant part in Vietnam fishery exports to the
world during 2 decades. Annually, shrimp sector contribute around 40-
45% of the total value equivalent to 3,5- 4 billion USD per year.
Currently, shrimp is exported from Vietnam to 100 countries which the
top 5 biggest market as following: Europe, The USA, Japan, China and
Korea. With the non- stop efforts, Vietnam is the World’s Top second
shrimp supplier with 13-14 percent in value of the world shrimp market.
has a lot of advantages to develop shrimp industry especially in the
Mekong Delta where occupies 95% shrimp production and also the hub of
shrimp processing plants. Until now, there are around 200 shrimp
processing plants approved by the European Commission with periodic
inspections at the site here in Vietnam.
get these remarkable achievements, since the founding in the early
1990s, the shrimp industry in Vietnam has grown in both scale and
technical management and competence in quality, traceability, management
of environment impacts throughout the entire supply chain starting with
hatcheries, feed mills, farms and processing plants leading to export
through modern cold –storage facilities. To most reliable evidence that
shrimp farming is both safe and sustainable can be found by the
existence of the increasing number of certifications schemes put forth
by international standards bodies for Good aquaculture practices
including BAP (Best Aquaculture Practice), Global Gap and ASC (
Aquaculture Stewardship Council). In order to achieve these
certifications, farms must be built and operated based on the criteria:
- Compliance with law (legal compliance, legal right there).
- Conservation of natural environment and biodiversity.
- Conservation of water resources.
- Preserve diversity of wild species and populations
- Responsible use of feed and other resources.
- Animal health (no use of antibiotics and unnecessary chemicals).
- Social responsibility (eg. no child labor, worker health and safety, freedom of assembly, community relations).
shrimp enterprises that are VASEP’s members contributing around 90% of
shrimp exports from Vietnam, therefore VASEP through its Shrimp
Committee has collaborated with the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural
Development ( MARD), the NAFIQAD which belongs to MARD to solve the
industry obstacles and problems including quality assurance, safety
hygiene and the compliance with rules, regulations of Vietnam law and
to the collaboration between Ministry of Agriculture and Rural
Development (MARD), the National Agro-Forestry-Fisheries Quality
Assurance Department (NAFIQAD) which belongs to MARD and Vietnam
Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers (VASEP) in assurance of
quality, safety hygiene and the compliance with rules, regulations of
Vietnam law and foreign markets and the advanced certifications and
compliance of Law of Labor, Law of Food Safety and the regulations of
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, shrimp companies are
implementing good practices in both farms and processing plants
including shrimp products. Beside, every year, the companies must be
inspected by the independent audit agencies, international
certification bodies and Vietnam authorities.
maintain 100 importing markets and develop the new market places,
Vietnam shrimp companies must keep their reputation by the control the
whole system to meet the higher and higher requirements and regulations
from the world market. Some examples include:
labor issue: working hours for employees in Vietnam shrimp companies
have been applied in accordance with Labor Code 2012, Decree
45/2013/NĐ-CP dated 10/05/2013 by the Government.
Union at shrimp enterprises: the Law regulates that every shrimp
companies must declare and register Working Regulations with the local
Labor Department, Invalids and Social Affairs in order to protect interest of workers including working hours and working conditions…
ASC, Global GAP and other international standards shows that Vietnam
shrimp farmers and processors are not allowed to use antibiotics and
unnecessary chemicals in their production chain. Most importantly,
Vietnamese authorities now have regulations and programs that strictly
control the use of chemicals and antibiotics in aquaculture and seafood
processing. Directorate of Fisheries (D-Fish) and local fisheries
authorities regularly guide and inspect the use of antibiotics and
develop the shrimp industry in the direction of chain linkage (with
strict contractual , controlled production. , not using or restricting
the use of antibiotics, stable consumption of products ...), certified
has been implementing the National Residue monitoring Program
(according to Circular No. 31/2015/TT-BNNPTNT dated October 06th, 2015),
implemented by NAFIQAD and every year send annual report on results of
previous year and plan for the next year to the EU.
seafood processors and exporters: they have been carrying out the
program of internal monitoring and prevention of antibiotic residues in
products (mandated according to Circular No. 48/ /2013/TT-BNNPTNT):
Collect samples to test antibiotic residues and toxic substances at the
farm before harvest; Take samples to test antibiotic residue to control
when receiving raw materials before processing.
exporting, the competent authorities of Vietnam ( NAFIQAD) take the
sample from the consignment to test antibiotic residue before issuing
the health certificates which is legally required by all European
border inspection authorities for all imports of shrimp and all food
coming from Vietnam to European markets
such strict control process, the exports of seafood and shrimp from
Vietnam have satisfy the regulations on the antibiotic index of the EU
market as well as other markets. As a result, in recent years, shrimp
exports to the EU market has grown very well. In 2017, Vietnam shrimp
exports to the market brought nearly US$863 million, up 43.7% over 2016.
In the first 7 months of 2018, the sale to the EU market reached US$480
million, up 26% over the same period last year. In the past two years
and up to now, Vietnam shrimp has received no alert from the EU.
shrimp industry has been developing well and it’s believed that the
industry has enough the advantage conditions to develop towards more
sustainability complying all the national and international laws and
regulations about labor working conditions, social responsibility and